In 1621, the Dutch West India Company (WIC) was founded, which colonized Suriname
and the Antilles and gained the Dutch monopoly on the slave trade.
The Dutch were responsible for about 5% of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, which is a considerable amount given the small size of the country. The slaves were picked up along the African coast and then shipped to America in barbaric conditions. An estimated 5% of the Dutch economy ran on slave labor. More details follow in the next post.