With this post I will start with an analysis of the Renaissance, which started in Florence, Italy.
Based on the Roman model, Florence adopted a democratic form of government. The great humanist and historian Leonardo Bruni is quoted here celebrating the system:
What city, therefore, can be more excellent, more noble? What descended from more glorious antecedents? Which one of the most powerful cities is able to be compared with our own on these grounds? Our form of governing the state aims at achieving liberty and equality for each and every citizen. Because it is equal in all respects, it is called a popular government. We tremble before no lord nor are we dominated by the power of a few. All enjoy the same liberty, governed only by law and free from fear of individuals.’
"The Great World History Book"