The "invincible" spanish armada

In 1588, the 130 ships of the supposedly "invincible" Spanish Armada sailed out to invade England. King Philip II of Spain had ordered the fleet to meet up in Flanders, were the Duke of Parma awaited them with an army to be used for the invasion.

But then, Dutch boats blockaded the harbours, making it impossible for the armada to reach the army. In the meantime, the armada was gravely damaged by the English fleet, causing them to flee. The winds forced them to take the long route back around Scotland and Ireland, where the fleet was further damaged by a storm and various ships were wrecked on the coastline.

In the end, more than 30% of the ships failed to return home.

the great world history book stephan dinkgreve spanish armada invincible eighty years' war